For our Covid-19 Appendix to the Safeguarding Policy please see here.
TREDWORTH JUNIOR SCHOOL
|Approved by:||Full Governing Body|
|Last reviewed on:||16 October 2020|
|Next review due by:||October 2021|
Head teacher - Mr Andrew Darby
Chair of Governors – Mrs Kathy Rayers
Safeguarding Governor – Jackie Campbell
Designated Safeguarding Lead – Paul Reedman
Deputy Designated Safeguarding Leads – Hannah Cox and Mark Samak
Governor for Children in Care – Dennis Grant
Designated teacher for Children in Care – Victoria Brunsdon
Safer Recruitment Accredited Governors – Kathy Rayers and Dennis Grant
Safer Recruitment Accredited staff – Andrew Darby, Paul Reedman and
This policy has been written in line with the following legislation and guidance:
- Keeping Children Safe in Education (2020), Department for Education issued under Section 175, Education Act 2002, the Education (Independent School Standards) (England) Regulations 2010 as amended by SI 2012/2962 and the Education (Non-Maintained Special Schools) (England) Regulations 2011
- Working Together To Safeguard Children 2018
- Gloucestershire Safeguarding Children Board Child Protection (and South West) Procedures
- Ofsted 2018 Safeguarding Inspection Framework
At Tredworth Junior School, the governors and staff fully recognise the contribution the school makes to safeguarding children. We recognise that the safety and protection of all pupils is of paramount importance and that all staff, including volunteers, have a full and active part to play in protecting pupils from harm.
We believe that the school should provide a caring, positive, safe and stimulating environment which promotes all pupils’ social, physical, emotional and moral development. When concerned about the welfare of a child, staff members always act in the interests of the child.
Ultimately, effective safeguarding of children can only be achieved by putting children at the centre of the system, and by every individual and agency playing their full part, working together to meet the needs of our most vulnerable children.
In line with: Working Together to Safeguard Children 2018 and Keeping Children Safe in Education (2020).
To ensure that we at Tredworth Junior School practice safe recruitment in line with Government guidance by using at least one NCSL accredited recruiter on all interview panels and checking the suitability of staff and volunteers to work with children and ensuring any unsuitable behaviour is reported and managed using the Allegations Management procedures.
- Raise awareness of child protection issues and equip the children with the skills they need to keep them safe.
- Develop and implement procedures for identifying and reporting cases, or suspected cases of abuse by referring to the Children’s Helpdesk.
- Support pupils who have been abused in accordance with their agreed child protection plan.
- Establish a safe and secure environment that the pupils can learn and develop.
We at Tredworth Junior School recognise that because of the day to day contact with children, issues are likely to be raised in school because of the amount of contact the staff have with the pupils and staff are trained to recognise any signs of abuse. The school therefore will:
- Maintain an environment where children feel safe and secure and are encouraged to talk and to be listened to.
- Ensure that pupils know that there are adults in school whom they can approach if they are worried.
- Include opportunities in the curriculum to develop the skills needed to keep themselves safe.
We at Tredworth Junior School will follow the procedures set out by the Gloucestershire Safeguarding Children Board and take account of guidance issued by the Department for Children, Schools and Families to:
- Ensure we have a designated senior person for safeguarding (child protection) who has received appropriate training and support for this role and is part of the school’s senior leadership team.
- Ensure we have a nominated governor responsible for child protection who has received appropriate training.
- Ensure every member of staff (including temporary and supply staff and volunteers) and governing body knows the name of the designated senior person responsible for child protection and their role and have received a safeguarding induction within their first seven days of employment.
- Ensure all staff and volunteers understand their responsibilities in being alert to the signs of abuse and responsibility for referring any concerns to the designated senior person responsible for child protection.
- Ensure that parents have an understanding of the responsibility placed on the school and staff for child protection by setting out its obligations in the school prospectus.
- Notify the relevant social worker if there is an unexplained absence of more than two days of a pupil who has a Child Protection Plan.
- Develop effective links with relevant agencies and co-operate as required with their enquiries regarding child protection matters including attendance at child protection conferences and core groups.
- Keep written records of concerns about children, even where there is no need to refer the matter immediately.
- Ensure all records are kept securely.
- Develop and then follow procedures where an allegation is made against a member of staff or volunteer including supply or agency workers, contractors or governors.
- Ensure safe recruitment practices are always followed
- Ensure that all staff have read Part One of Keeping Children Safe in Education 2020
We at Tredworth Junior School recognise that children who are abused or witness violence may find it difficult to develop a sense of self-worth. They may feel helplessness, humiliation and some sense of blame. The school may be the only stable, secure and predictable element in the lives of children at risk. When at school their behaviour may be challenging and defiant or they may be withdrawn. The school will endeavour to support the pupil through:
- The content of the curriculum.
- The school ethos which promotes a positive, supportive and secure environment and gives pupils a sense of being valued.
- The school behaviour policy which is aimed at supporting vulnerable pupils in the school.
- Ensuring that the pupil knows that some behaviour is unacceptable but they are valued and not to be blamed for any abuse which has occurred.
- Liaison with other agencies that support the pupil such as Social Care, Child and Adult Mental Health Service, Education Welfare Service and Educational Psychology Service.
- Ensuring that, where a pupil who has a child protection plan leaves, their information is transferred to the new school immediately and that the child's social worker is informed.
Types of abuse and neglect
Abuse is a form of maltreatment of a child. Somebody may abuse or neglect a child by inflicting harm, or by failing to act to prevent harm. They may be abused by an adult or adults or another child or children. At Tredworth Junior School, where safeguarding is concerned, we maintain the view that “It could happen here”.
The four categories of abuse are:
Physical abuse: a form of abuse which may involve hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning or scalding, drowning, suffocating or otherwise causing physical harm to a child. Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer fabricates the symptoms of, or deliberately induces, illness in a child.
Emotional abuse: the persistent emotional maltreatment of a child such as to cause severe and adverse effects on the child’s emotional development. It may involve conveying to a child that they are worthless or unloved, inadequate, or valued only insofar as they meet the needs of another person. It may include not giving the child opportunities to express their views, deliberately silencing them or ‘making fun’ of what they say or how they communicate. It may feature age or developmentally inappropriate expectations being imposed on children. These may include interactions that are beyond a child’s developmental capability as well as overprotection and limitation of exploration and learning, or preventing the child participating in normal social interaction. It may involve seeing or hearing the ill-treatment of another. It may involve serious bullying (including cyber bullying), causing children frequently to feel frightened or in danger, or the exploitation or corruption of children. Some level of emotional abuse is involved in all types of maltreatment of a child, although it may occur alone.
Sexual abuse: involves forcing or enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activities, not necessarily involving a high level of violence, whether or not the child is aware of what is happening. The activities may involve physical contact, including assault by penetration (for example rape or oral sex) or non-penetrative acts such as masturbation, kissing, rubbing and touching outside of clothing. They may also include non-contact activities, such as involving children in looking at, or in the production of, sexual images, watching sexual activities, encouraging children to behave in sexually inappropriate ways, or grooming a child in preparation for abuse (including via the internet). Sexual abuse is not solely perpetrated by adult males. Women can also commit acts of sexual abuse, as can other children.
Neglect: the persistent failure to meet a child’s basic physical and/or psychological needs, likely to result in the serious impairment of the child’s health or development. Neglect may occur during pregnancy as a result of maternal substance abuse. Once a child is born, neglect may involve a parent or carer failing to: provide adequate food, clothing and shelter (including exclusion from home or abandonment); protect a child from physical and emotional harm or danger; ensure adequate supervision (including the use of inadequate care-givers); or ensure access to appropriate medical care or treatment. It may also include neglect of, or unresponsiveness to, a child’s basic emotional needs.
Signs and indicators of abuse
Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children is everyone’s responsibility. All staff that come into contact with children and their families and carers has a role to play in safeguarding children. In order to fulfil this responsibility effectively, all professionals should make sure their approach is child-centred. This means that they should consider, at all times, what is in the best interests of the child.
Staff are well placed to recognise, often early on, the indicators that a child’s needs are not being met. Recognising and reporting concerns can sometimes mean that early intervention can prevent abuse from happening. Staff need to recognise when they are concerned about a child. Being able to recognise concerns, means being familiar with the indicators of abuse. Safeguarding staff have been trained in the use of the Gloucestershire Multi-Agency Child Neglect Kit and use this as a tool for assisting in the identification of child neglect.
Staff must respond to a concern about a child by passing the information to their
Designated Senior Lead (DSL) Mr Paul Reedman or
Deputy DSLs Miss Hannah Cox, Mr Mark Samak without delay.
In their absence concerns should be reported to the Headteacher, Mr Andrew Darby. Staff must then make a written record of their concern as soon as possible and pass this to the DSL (See Appendix A)
A child may be experiencing abuse if he or she is:
- frequently dirty, hungry or inadequately dressed
- left in unsafe situations or without medical attention
- constantly "put down", insulted, sworn at or humiliated
- seems afraid of parents or carers
- severely bruised or injured
- displays sexual behaviour which doesn't seem appropriate for their age
- growing up in a home where there is domestic violence
- living with parents or carers involved in serious drug or alcohol abuse.
- frequent unexplained absence from school
This list does not cover every possible indicator of child abuse. There may be other things in the child's behaviour or circumstances that are worrying. When there are any concerns about a child always follow Tredworth Junior School’s established safeguarding procedures. All staff share a responsibility to refer concerns to Children’s Social Care. Any person with concerns about a child may contact:
Gloucestershire Children’s Helpdesk on 01452 426565
In an emergency always call 999
Specific Safeguarding Issues (See Appendix B)
Tredworth Junior School recognises that there are specific safeguarding issues of which all staff need to be aware. These issues are discussed with staff through training sessions and as part of staff induction. A standing agenda item for safeguarding is part of every staff meeting and every Governing Body meeting. Expert and professional organisations can provide up-to-date guidance and practical support on specific safeguarding issues. Staff are aware that behaviours linked to the likes of drug taking, alcohol abuse, truanting and sexting put children in danger. Expert and professional organisations are best placed to provide up-to-date guidance and practical support on specific safeguarding issues. For example information for schools can be found on the TES, MindEd and the NSPCC websites. School and college staff can access government guidance as required on the issues listed below via GOV.UK and other government websites.
Prevent Duty and Channel Programme
Designated Senior Staff for child protection are aware of the issues around radicalisation. Staff and School Governors are aware of the Prevent Duty for Schools. Information can be found at the following website:
All staff are able to identify those children who may be vulnerable to radicalization and know what to do when they are identified.
Staff are aware of the Channel programme and school is building children’s resilience to radicalisation by promoting fundamental British values and enabling them to challenge extremist views. If a member of staff has a concern they know that they can follow school’s safeguarding procedures and discuss with the DSL. Staff may also contact the local police force or dial 101 (the non-emergency number) for advice.
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)
Designated senior staff for child protection are aware of FGM and the Deputy DSL, Hannah cox, has undertaken FGM training. Staff in the school are aware of the potential risks and key staff have undertaken the on-line FGM training:
Staff are aware of the signs that a child/young person may become subject to female genital mutilation i.e. talking about a journey/becoming a woman plus a planned extended holiday abroad and understand the current legislation around prevention orders and mandatory reporting. Staff know to report this before the female leaves the UK.
It is illegal for FGM to be practiced in the UK and it is illegal to remove a child from the UK for this purpose. On 31 October 2015, a mandatory duty for teachers to report known cases of female genital mutilation (FGM) came into force. Staff are aware of their legal responsibilities regarding the reporting of FGM.
Honour Based Violence, Forced Marriage, Gender-Based Violence/Violence Against Women And Girls (VAWAG)
Staff have received training and are aware of are aware of the warning signs to of regarding HBV, forced Marriage, gender-based Violence and VAWAG. Staff concerns should be reported to the DSL and normal safeguarding procedures would then be followed. School staff can contact the Forced Marriage Unit if they need advice or information. Contact: 020 7008 0151 or email: email@example.com. So-called ‘honour-based’ violence (HBV) encompasses crimes which have been committed to protect or defend the honour of the family and/or the community, including Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), forced marriage, and practices such as breast ironing. All forms of so called HBV are abuse (regardless of the motivation) and should be handled and escalated as such. If in any doubt staff should speak to the designated safeguarding lead. All staff need to be alert to the possibility of a child being at risk of HBV, or already having suffered HBV.
Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE)
Is a form of sexual abuse where children are sexually exploited for money, power or status. It can involve violent, humiliating and degrading sexual assaults. In some cases, young people are persuaded or forced into exchanging sexual activity for money, drugs, gifts, affection or status. Consent cannot be given, even where a child may believe they are voluntarily engaging in sexual activity with the person who is exploiting them. Child sexual exploitation does not always involve physical contact and can happen online. A significant number of children who are victims of sexual exploitation go missing from home, care and education at some point.
Some of the following signs may be indicators of sexual exploitation:
• Children who appear with unexplained gifts or new possessions;
• Children who associate with other young people involved in exploitation;
• Children who have older boyfriends or girlfriends;
• Children who suffer from sexually transmitted infections or become pregnant;
• Children who suffer from changes in emotional well-being;
• Children who misuse drugs and alcohol;
• Children who go missing for periods of time or regularly come home late; and
• Children who regularly miss school or education or do not take part in education.
If there were concerns about pupils at risk of CSE, school would use the CSE screening tool from the local authority website and take appropriate action.
The school has an effective Anti-Bullying Policy covering all types of bullying such as (homophobic, cyber, Lesbian, gay bi-sexual and transgender, racist, Gypsy, Roma and Traveller children etc.) that is owned, understood and implemented by all sections of the school. Any form of bullying is recorded and dealt with by the school and governing body and can be evidenced. This policy is reviewed annually by the key stake holders, approved by the Governing Body and available to the wider public on the school’s web site. Through the use of the Safeguarding PinK Curriculum school can evidence we have addressed issues in an age appropriate way.
Gloucestershire Encompass Commitment
As part of Tredworth Junior School’s commitment to keeping children safe we have signed up to implement the principles and aims of the Gloucestershire Encompass Model.
In signing up to Gloucestershire Encompass the Governing Body and Senior Leadership Team:
- Endorse the Gloucestershire Encompass Model and support the Key Adults in our school to fulfil the requirements of the Gloucestershire Encompass Protocol.
- Promote and implement Gloucestershire Encompass processes and use these in accordance with internal safeguarding children processes.
- Recognise the sensitive nature of the information provided and ensure that this is retained in accordance with the principles of data protection.
As we increasingly work online it is essential that children are safeguarded from potentially harmful and inappropriate online material. Filters and monitoring systems are in place in line with the local authority guidelines for Gloucestershire.
The school follows the guidance from the Local Authority Designated Safeguarding Lead Officer. We also are aware of the advice from Gloucestershire Constabulary, which supports the National Strategy for Policing children and Young People. School staff would follow the school’s procedures for Safeguarding should they become aware of a sexting incident.
The school has audited needs of staff and provided training to ensure knowledge of safe and appropriate use of new technology. School has communicated with parents to ensure they understand how to keep children safe at home. The school has worked with children to help them to understand how to manage risk. There is an age-related comprehensive curriculum for e-safety and that impact of this is measured.
Key members of staff have received Mental Health training. Pupils follow the PinK Curriculum with planned sessions covering areas of mental health. The school takes part in the on-line pupil survey which gives feedback on all areas of health and well-being.
Other Safeguarding Issues
Staff are given regular updates on all areas of safeguarding and know that further information regarding specific safeguarding issues can be found on the GSCB website: - children missing education; child missing from home or care; domestic violence; drugs; fabricated or induced illness; faith abuse; gangs and youth violence; hate; missing children and adults strategy; private fostering; relationship abuse; trafficking.
Established procedures at Tredworth Junior School (See Appendix C)
At Tredworth Junior School, staff work to create an ethos which helps children to feel safe and able to talk. Listening openly to children is at the heart of good safeguarding.
Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL), Mr Paul Reedman, or Deputy Designated Safeguarding Leads (DDSL), Miss Hannah Cox, Mr Mark Samak.
If a child makes a disclosure or if a member of staff has a concern that a child is at risk of harm; they must discuss it with the DSL immediately. They must then complete a Safeguarding Incident Form (see Appendix C) and hand it to the DSL or Deputy DSL without delay. The decision will be made about what action to take and whether a referral needs to be made to Gloucestershire Children and Families.
If a child makes a disclosure staff need to make sure that they:
- are approachable
- listen carefully, uncritically and at the child’s pace
- take what is said seriously
- clarify essential information
- reassure the child
- tell the child what will happen next
- tell the Designated Senior Lead without delay
- record using the school’s agreed format
If any member of staff, including volunteers, has a concern about the welfare of a child, who is not thought to be at immediate risk of harm, the concern must be recorded on the school's online safeguarding reporting portal - MYCONCERN. Volunteers and supply staff should use the safeguarding incident form, kept in classrooms, for all recording purposes and pass on to the DSL or DDSL for action.
Role of the DSL
Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL), Mr Paul Reedman, Deputy Designated Safeguarding Leads (DDSL), Miss Hannah Cox, Mr Mark Samak and Mr Andrew Derby, the Head teacher have all completed the training for Designated Safeguarding Leads. The training is updated every two years in line with advice from the Local Safeguarding Children’s Board. The designated safeguarding lead takes lead responsibility for safeguarding and child protection and this is explicit in the job description.
Responsibilities of the Designated Safeguarding Lead
The Head teacher or equivalent has overall responsibility for all procedures within the school. Working with the Head teacher, the Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL) has responsibility for the following procedure where abuse is suspected/disclosed.
Any member of staff who by virtue of a child’s behaviour or appearance becomes suspicious of abuse, or is told that abuse has taken place, should immediately inform the designated person within the educational setting.
If a child begins to talk about an abusive incident, s/he should be allowed to speak and be listened to carefully. Time should be taken to gain an understanding of what the child is trying to say. No promise of confidentiality should be made.
The designated person should briefly and accurately record the concern and the child’s comments in writing and then follow the process below (from GSCB Procedures). (See Appendix D)
Issues such as informing the parents, contacting the police and whether it’s safe for the child to return home, can be discussed at a strategy meeting following referral. It is good practice to inform parents that a referral has been made except in cases of serious physical abuse or child sexual abuse when to do so might put the child at greater risk of harm. In this situation parents should not be informed without taking further advice.
If there is an injury which requires immediate treatment the designated person should arrange this without delay, in whichever way seems appropriate, and then continue to follow the procedures set out in Appendix D.
Children in Care (Looked after Children)
The most common reason for children becoming looked after is as a result of abuse and/or neglect. All staff have the skills, knowledge and understanding necessary to keep children in care safe. The designated teacher is Mrs Victoria Brunsdon. She receives regular training and attends courses run by the Virtual School with whom school works closely. The role of the designated teacher is to promote the educational achievement of children who are in care. The governor with responsibility for children in care is Mr Dennis Grant.
Children are taught through PSHE about how to keep themselves safe from abuse and neglect. Resources from the Pink Curriculum and the NSPCC are used to ensure that children learn in a lively and interactive way about keeping themselves safe. Through the introduction of the NSPCC programme “Speak out. Stay Safe” all children learn how to:
- understand abuse in all its forms and recognise the signs of abuse
- know how to protect themselves from all forms of abuse
- know how to get help, and the sources of help available to them, including the Childline service.
Staff Allegation (see also Whistle Blowing Policy)
The safety and welfare of children is of the upmost priority at Tredworth Junior School. If a member of staff or any adult working with children is suspected of wrong doing, this must be reported to the
Head Teacher, Mr Andrew Darby at: firstname.lastname@example.org.
If the Head Teacher is suspected then this must be reported to the
Chair of Governors, Mrs Kathy Rayers at: email@example.com.
He will then inform the LADO, Nigel Hatten at firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: 01452 426994.
The Allegations Management procedures will then be followed.
This Child Protection Policy should be read in conjunction with the following school policies:
Tredworth Junior School Offer of Early Help
Staff Code of conduct
Acceptable Usage Policy
Accessibility Policy and Plan
Useful websites and telephone numbers
Children’s Help Desk
Gloucestershire Safeguarding Children Board
Government website for guidance on specific safeguarding issues
0808 800 5000
08457 90 90 90
CYPS Practitioner Advice Line
Gloucestershire Family Information Service
For further contacts see also Tredworth Junior School Offer of early Help
Appendix A – 1 of 2
SAFEGUARDING INCIDENT FORM
Tredworth Junior School
Date of Birth / Year Group
Name and position of person completing the form (please print)
Date the Incident occurred
Date form completed
Incident details (who, what, where, when)
Appendix A – 2 of 2
SAFEGUARDING INCIDENT FORM
Tredworth Junior School
Any other relevant information (witnesses, other children involved, immediate action taken by person completing the form)
Action taken by Child Protection Officer / Pastoral Support Team
Reporting Staff Member
Child Protection Officer
Appendix C - School Safeguarding Procedure - revised chart to be inserted